In is now recognised that atherosclerosis appears to be the result of oxidative damage to the endothelial cells that line the blood vessels. The damage to the endothelial layer of arteries begins with inflammation caused by oxidative stress, which is a result of oxidised low-density lipoproteins penetrating the endothelial layer. This process leads on to the development of atherosclerotic plaques. In the UK, high blood pressure is the third most important risk factor for chronic disease after tobacco smoking and poor diet. High blood pressure is, however, the single most important risk factor for cardiovascular disease and related disability and increases the risk of stroke, ischaemic heart disease and heart failure. Almost 1 in 3 adults will be diagnosed with hypertension. In fact the DASH diet specifically designed for treating hypertension was inspired by the blood pressure lowering effects of a vegetarian diet. However a vegetarian diet was not deemed to be universally acceptable, animal-derived foods are permitted in the DASH diet. Plant-based diet patterns are able to lower blood pressure in individuals with hypertension to a greater extent than most blood pressure lowering medications. A healthy plant-based diet contains foods that are known to maintain a blood pressure in the normal range.
It can serve as a monotherapy or as an adjunct to standard treatment regimens, including medication, stenting and CABG. Abstract Many people, including some physicians, are concerned For instance, heme iron, found mainly in animal foods such as red meat, poultry, and seafood, has been associated with higher risk of cardiovascular endpoints in several prospective cohort studies 44 — The China Study. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. May ; 3 Humans bioaccumulate these lipophilic pollutants in their adipose tissues for many years because POPs are highly resistant to metabolic degradation. Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of major chronic disease. Leikert et al 52 showed that an alcohol-free red wine polyphenol extract strongly increases nitric oxide release, endothelial nitric oxide synthase, and endothelial nitric oxide synthase expression after long-term incubation of human endothelial cells. More research in this area is needed so in the future we may have objective measures of healthy eating that will promote VEC wellness years before the development of atherosclerosis and CAD. Vegetarians consume a third less saturated fat and only half as much cholesterol as meat-eaters. Health benefits of a vegetarian diet.
Plant polyphenols in prevention of heart disease. Risk of overweight and obesity among semivegetarian, lactovegetarian, and vegan women. Jan ;62 1 Toxicol Lett. Tucker, K. Apr ; The China Study: the most comprehensive study of nutrition ever conducted and the startling implications for diet, weight loss, and long-term health. May ;13 5 :e Ann Nutr Metab. Studies show that in addition to regression, there is a remolding of the geometry of the stenosis with consequent improvement in coronary flow reserve.