Carbonated drinks are widely consumed because of their taste and their ability to refresh and quench thirst. A comparative effect of the diet and regular soda carbonated drinks on the histology of the cerebellum of female albino Wistar rats was investigated. Fifteen adult female Wistar rats weighing between —g were divided into 3 groups; designated as groups A, B and C, and each group consisted of five rats. Group A was the Control group and received distilled water, while groups B and C were the experimental groups. Group B was administered 50 ml of regular soda RS, and group C was administered 50 ml of diet soda DS each per day for 21 days, and the rats were sacrificed on Day 22, and their cerebellums excised and preserved. Histological result of the sections of the cerebellum showed shrunken and degenerated Purkinje cells with hypertrophied dendrites, especially in the DS group, which was less in the RS group compared to the control group. These results suggest that diet soda has adverse effect on the cerebellum of adult female albino Wistar rats. Carbonated drinks could be soft or hard, depending on the absence or presence of alcohol respectively. Soft drinks could be regarded as regular or diet depending on the sweetening agent. Sugar is used as sweeteners in regular soft drinks, and it has been reported to result in obesity upon consumption 1, 2.
New research correlates sugary drinks—as well as diet soda—to smaller brain volume and memory deficits. Americans love sugar. Together we consumed nearly 11 million metric tons of it in , according to the US Department of Agriculture, much of it in the form of sugar-sweetened beverages like sports drinks and soda. Now, new research suggests that excess sugar—especially the fructose in sugary drinks—might damage your brain. Researchers using data from the Framingham Heart Study FHS found that people who drink sugary beverages frequently are more likely to have poorer memory, smaller overall brain volume, and a significantly smaller hippocampus—an area of the brain important for learning and memory. While researchers caution against over-consuming either diet soda or sugary drinks, more research is needed to determine how—or if—these drinks actually damage the brain, and how much damage may be caused by underlying vascular disease or diabetes. He chose to study sugary drinks as a way of examining overall sugar consumption.
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People who drink diet sodas daily have three times the risk of stroke and dementia compared to people who rarely drink them, researchers reported Thursday. While the findings do not prove that diet drinks damage brains, they support other studies that show people who drink them frequently tend to have poorer health. The researchers, led by Matthew Pase of the Boston University School of Medicine and colleagues, studied more than 4, people for their report, published in the journal Stroke. The team did not ask people which artificial sweetener they used. Some of those in the diet drinks were likely saccharin, acesulfame, aspartame, neotame, or sucralose, the researchers said. To their surprise, the team did not find the same risk for sugar-sweetened beverages. But they found other troubling signs. And other experts pointed out that sugary drinks are a major cause of obesity, diabetes, stroke and other ills. Sacco, a former president of the American Heart Association, led another study that found women who drank diet sodas had a higher risk of stroke, heart attack and other types of heart death. The researchers accounted for age, sex, education, overall how many calories people ate, diet quality, physical activity, and smoking. Most of the participants where white and affluent, however, and the team notes there may be others things that are also different about people who drink diet sodas.